Generally there are 7 euro banknotes which have different nominal – 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euro banknotes. Each of these banknotes differs in color and size – the bigger is value or nominal, the bigger is banknote. Colors, sizes and reliefs of banknotes are specially adapted for visually impaired people to recognize necessary banknotes without difficulties.
Design of banknotes include features and elements from different architectural styles which dominated in different periods of European history. The obverse or the front of banknote depicts such architectural elements as windows and doors, symbolizing openness and freedom. The reverse or the back of banknote depicts bridges which symbolize cooperation of people not only in Europe, but in whole world as well. It should be mentioned that depicted windows, doors and bridges are not pictures of real buildings or their fragments, but only stylized illustrations. There are also European flag and map in different variations.
Other design elements are euro Latin name “EURO”, euro Greek name “EYPΩ”, euro Cyrillic name “EBPO”, abbreviation of European Central Bank in 5 or 9 linguistic variants, symbol © which indicates copyrights, signature of first, second and third president of European Central Bank, letter or country code which indicates a country which has ordered banknotes, as well as horizontal and vertical serial number.
Of course, there are also special protection signs in every banknote which adds them uniqueness and originality, making them difficult to counterfeit.
Generally there are 8 euro coins which have different nominal – coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 euro cents, as well as coins of 1 and 2 euros. Each coin differs in size, color and thickness according to its value – the bigger is value, the bigger and thicker is coin. Coins of 1, 2 and 5 euro cents have copper color, coins of 10, 20 and 50 euro cents have yellow color, but coins of 1 and 2 euros have silver and yellow color.
The obverse is identical in all European countries, but reverse can be varied – it is made, using individual symbolism of each European country. The obverse of coins depicts a map of European Union and stars which symbolizes European Union. Coins of 1, 2 and 5 euro cents show Europe in the world, coins of 10, 20 and 50 euro cents symbolizes European Union as union of nations, but coins of 1 and 2 euros show Europe as part of world which has no boundaries.